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Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson discusses a potential presidential bid as the GOP is expected to have a crowded field on 'Your World. Former Arkansas Gov. Hutchinson was interviewed during his Thursday-Friday swing to the Hawkeye State , where he attended Gov. The term-limited governor was succeeded Tuesday by Sarah Huckabee Sanders, as the former White House press secretary during then-President Trump's administration and the daughter of former longtime Arkansas Gov.
Mike Huckabee was inaugurated. Former Republican Gov. Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas right teams up with newly inaugurated Iowa Lt. Adam Gregg, on Friday Jan. Hutchinson called the reception he received from Iowans "very welcoming," and he highlighted the "connections between an ag state like Arkansas and Iowa, and all that we share together in terms of issues that we face — many of the same values are shared by the communities here.
Eight thousand five hundred Iowans were wounded. The draft was not used in Iowa during the Civil War because Iowa had twelve thousand more men serving than the draft called for.
The Civil War era brought considerable change to Iowa and perhaps one of the most visible changes came in the political arena. During the s, most Iowans voted Democratic although the state also contained some Whigs. During the s, however, the state's Democratic Party developed serious internal problems as well as being unsuccessful in getting the national Democratic Party to respond to their needs.
Iowans soon turned to the newly emerging Republican Party. The new party opposed slavery and promoted land ownership, banking, and railroads. The political career of James Grimes illustrates this change. In , Iowans elected Grimes governor on the Whig ticket. Two years later, Iowans elected Grimes governor on the Republican ticket. Republicans took over state politics in the s and quickly instigated several changes.
They moved the state capital from Iowa City to Des Moines , established the University of Iowa and they wrote a new state constitution. During the Civil War, many Democrats supported the anti-war Copperhead movement. From the late s until well into the 20th century, Iowans remained largely Republican. Only once, in , did Democrats elect a governor, Horace Boies who was reelected in Their secret was winning increased support from the "wet" anti-prohibition Germans.
Historically, the Democrats were strongest in German areas, especially along the Mississippi River. Thus, the German Catholic city of Dubuque continues to be a Democratic stronghold.
Meanwhile, the Yankees and Scandinavians and Quakers were overwhelmingly Republican. The spirit of progressivism emerged in the s, flourished in the s, and decayed after A leading Republican, Cummins fought to break up monopolies. His Iowa successes included establishing the direct primary to allow voters to select candidates instead of bosses; outlawing free railroad passes for politicians; imposing a two-cents per mile railway maximum passenger fare; imposing pure food and drug laws; and abolishing corporate campaign contributions.
He tried, without success, to lower the high protective tariff in Washington. Women put women's suffrage on the state agenda. It was led by local chapters of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union , whose main goal was to impose prohibition. In keeping with the general reform mood of the latter s and s, the issue first received serious consideration when both houses of the General Assembly passed a women's suffrage amendment to the state constitution in Two years later, however, when the legislature had to consider the amendment again before it could be submitted to the general electorate.
It was defeated because interest had waned, and strong opposition had developed especially in the German-American community, which feared women would impose prohibition. Finally, in , Iowa got woman suffrage with the rest of the country by the 19th amendment to the federal Constitution. As the cession of Native American lands in Iowa continued, settlement by the United States pushed further westward. By there were 22, people in Iowa, and 42, by By , there were , people living in Iowa.
Settlement patterns to this point generally were in the southern and eastern parts of the state,  often near the rivers. While nativism was strong in other states, Iowa wanted immigrants and resisted the Know-Nothing Party.
Utopians came to Iowa in the s to start the communistic colonies of Icaria, Amana, and New Buda, where property was held in common.
The goal of the Icarian settlers was to live in accordance with the ideas of Etienne Cabet as a purely socialist community. It then became a center of modern manufacturing, especially of household appliances.
Immigration to Iowa continued to accelerate throughout the remainder of the 19th century, peaking in In , , of the , people living in Iowa were foreign-born persons. The s saw , foreign-born immigrants in Iowa, with , and , in and , respectively.
The legislature instructed that the booklet be published in English , German ,  Dutch , Swedish , and Danish. The tide of foreign immigration receded, so that many groups had largely stopped coming by the beginning of the 20th century.
Southern and Eastern European immigration, especially from Italy and Croatia, began in not insignificant amounts in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as they came to work in Iowan coal mines.
Many did not like the new leadership of the Netherlands under William I. Scandinavian immigration to Iowa mostly consists of Norwegians and Swedes, though there was a small Danish immigration movement as well.
Norwegians generally went to the northern parts of the state, Danes to the south, and Swedes in between.
Swedish settlement in Iowa began with New Sweden in and Burlington in Norwegian immigration to Iowa began in  with settlement at Sugar Creek  in southeastern Iowa, and continued with immigration to northern Iowa in the late s.
Most Czechs in Iowa settled in Cedar Rapids. During the s, Iowa's Czech population became substantial; when the town was reincorporated in , a quarter of its roughly inhabitants were Czech immigrants.
The availability of cheap land in the new state of Iowa happened to coincide with the Revolutions of in the Austrian Empire that caused a large number of Czechs to flee their homeland and emigrate to the U.
The first Latino group to immigrate to Iowa were Mexicans, who can be traced in small numbers to the census. In there were 29 Mexicans in Iowa, followed by in , and 2, in The sharp increase in Mexican immigration in the early 20th century has several causes, mostly economic. Sugar consumption was on the rise nationally, and technological breakthroughs in the sugar beet industry allowed Midwestern farms to expand in attempt to meet that need. Mexican immigration dropped off during the great depression as the economy weakened, and remained relatively low even into the latter half of the 20th century.
Though African-Americans began immigrating to Iowa in more significant numbers through the s after obtaining freedom,  some of the earliest immigrants would have been brought in as slaves by settlers from southern states after the Black Hawk Purchase, despite the fact that slavery never officially existed in Iowa.
Initial African-American settlement in Iowa after the Civil War was in agricultural communities near the southern border, as well as along river towns on the Mississippi and to a lesser extent the Missouri. Over time, African Americans migrated from agricultural communities to urban areas, and from the river towns to the coal mines of southern Iowa. For farmers, the change was significant. Since the beginning of the war in , Iowa farmers had experienced economic prosperity.
Along with farmers everywhere, they were urged to be patriotic by increasing their production. Farmers purchased more land and raised more corn , beef , and pork for the war effort. It seemed that no one could lose as farmers expanded their operations, made more money, and at the same time, helped the Allied war effort.
After the war, however, Iowa farmers soon saw wartime farm subsidies eliminated. Beginning in , many farmers had difficulty making the payment for debts they had incurred during the war. The s were a time of hardship for Iowa's farm families and for many families, these hardships carried over into the s.
As economic difficulties worsened, Iowa farmers sought to find local solutions. Faced with extremely low farm prices, including corn at ten cents a bushel and pork at three cents a pound, some farmers in western Iowa formed the Farmers Holiday Association. They believed this practice would force up farm prices. The Farm Holiday Association had only limited success as many farmers did not cooperate and the withholding itself did little to raise prices.
Farmers experienced little relief until when the federal government, as part of Franklin D. Roosevelt 's New Deal , created a federal farm aid program. In , native Iowan Henry A. Wallace went to Washington as Secretary of Agriculture and served as principal architect for the new farm program. Wallace, former editor of the Midwest's leading farm journal, Wallace's Farmer , believed that prosperity would return to the agricultural sector only if agricultural production was curtailed.
Further, he believed that farmers would be monetarily compensated for withholding agricultural land from production. These two principles were incorporated into the Agricultural Adjustment Act passed in Iowa farmers experienced some recovery as a result of the legislation but like all Iowans, they did not experience total recovery until the s.
Iowa's only Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Norman Borlaug , was launched in his researches in plant genomics by funding and research through Iowa State University developing strains of rice in Mexico and which emanated from the work of Henry Wallace.
Wallace and Borlaug's work helped create the now internationally significant agricultural concern Pioneer Hi-Bred , now a division of DuPont. Since World War II , Iowans have continued to undergo considerable economic, political, and social change. In the political area, Iowans experienced a major change in the s when liquor by the drink came into effect. During both the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Iowans had strongly supported prohibition , but, in , with the repeal of national prohibition, Iowans established a state liquor commission.
This group was charged with control and regulation of Iowa's liquor sales. From until the early s, Iowans could purchase packaged liquor only. In the s, Iowans witnessed a reapportionment of the General Assembly , achieved only after a long struggle for an equitably apportioned state legislature. Another major political change was in regard to voting. By the mids, Iowa had developed a fairly competitive two-party structure, ending almost one hundred years of Republican domination within the state.
In the economic sector, Iowa also has undergone considerable change. Beginning with the first farm-related industries developed in the s, Iowa has experienced a gradual increase in the number of business and manufacturing operations. The period since World War II has witnessed a particular increase in manufacturing operations. While agriculture continues to be the state's dominant industry, Iowans also produce a wide variety of products including refrigerators , washing machines , fountain pens , farm implements , and food products that are shipped around the world.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Aspect of history. Main article: Iowa archaeology. Main article: Indians of Iowa. Main article: Historical outline of Iowa. In William E. Whittaker ed. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. ISBN University of Iowa Press, Iowa City.
Shambaugh, ed. Iowa: "The Middle Land. Roush, Ed. Sage, A History of Iowa pp Columbia University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, The Goldfinch : 1, November
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